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27 de julho de 2017

UITP Awards: Addax pioneers Public-Private partnerships in São Paulo

The 2017 UITP Awards were handed out during the Global Public Transport Summit in Montréal. We sat down with each winner to learn more about their project and to pick their brain about innovation in the sector.


Winner of Award for ‘Smart Financing and Business Models’: ADDAX Assessoria Econômica e Financeira LTDA and Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos (EMTU) de São Paulo for ‘Public-Private Partnership – Baixada Santista – Bus and LRT Integrated System’


This project epitomises innovative public transport financing with the simultaneous award of a whole metropolitan region of public transport services to one private concession company. With an integrated approach to the business model, the Baixada Santista Public-Private Partnership (PPP) offers an example of public transport financing that can answer to the increasing mobility demands of growing economies.

Flávio Chevis, Partner at ADDAX, answered our questions.

Tell us briefly about your project:

This project involves a 20-year PPP contract of $1.8bn (€1.5bn) for urban metropolitan public transport services. This includes two modes: bus and light rail (LRT); as well as associated systems, rolling stock supply, operation, maintenance. The project covers nine cities: Bertioga, Cubatão, Guarujá, Itanhaém, Mongaguá, Peruíbe, Praia Grande, São Vicente and Santos. PPP contract was signed by Estado de São Paulo and the Special Purpose Company, “Br Mobilidade Baixada Santista S/A”. The public authority EMTU-SP was responsible for legal and management support.

What are some of the highlights of this project?

From the user and urban development standpoint, this project was effective in awarding two modes of transport for one operator ruled by one single contract, promoting fare and operation integration of the bus and LRT systems. As a matter of fact, the project launched the LRT operation over a region where only buses had previously operated, thus upgrading public transportation in the Baixada Santista metropolitan area. Metropolitan Region. From a stricter contract regulation point of view, the project was designed with state-of-the-art legislation and risk sharing mechanisms, providing a regulatory and economic framework that is attractive to the private sector and also suitable for public policy purposes.

What lessons can other authorities take away from this project?

Other authorities may take this PPP contract as an example of systemic thinking, where the system and contract modelling involved planning from the city and user standpoint, and not entirely driven by the technical features themselves. That is to say that all the PPP variables were designed with the production of public transport services in mind, regardless whether they were provided by bus or LRT. Then the contract clauses set rules across a dynamic structure to control the operator’s behaviour. Therefore, the main driver of the modelling was a systemic and integrated approach.

How does this benefit customers, what’s in it for users?

The customer is the ultimate beneficiary of the new system implemented. Fare levels have been preserved even with upgraded technology, faster services, and more comfortable trips, as a result of the integrated system designed. Also, the new LRT mode was conceived to improve urban development in the region, increasing the positive external benefits for the population, which go beyond public transport in itself.

the new LRT mode was conceived to improve urban development in the region, increasing the positive external benefits for the population, which go beyond public transport in itself

What is on the horizon for ADDAX? Tell us about any new projects.

As a consulting company, we are engaged in several new PPP modelling projects in the public transport sector. These include the Concession of Lines 5, 15 and 17 of São Paulo’s Metro as well as the Commuter Rail Lines 8 and 9 of São Paulo’s Metropolitan Region presently operated by state-run CPTM. These projects are in different stages, some with the tender offer published for bidding proposals, some at the Concession/PPP modelling phase.